编译安装Nginx

这里只介绍编译安装Nginx,如果不想这么麻烦,Ubuntu下可以用apt-get install nginx,Centos下可以用yum install nginx,OSX下可以用brew install nginx一键安装。

Nginx依赖库

pcre

支持Nginx内核、Rewrite及正则表达式。

$ wget ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/pcre-8.39.tar.gz
$ tar -zxf pcre-8.39.tar.gz
$ cd pcre-8.39
$ ./configure
$ make
$ sudo make install
zlib

支持Nginx Gzip模块,用于header压缩。

$ wget http://zlib.net/zlib-1.2.8.tar.gz
$ tar -zxf zlib-1.2.8.tar.gz
$ cd zlib-1.2.8
$ ./configure
$ make
$ sudo make install
openssl

用户Nginx SSL模块,用户Nginx支持Https。

$ wget http://www.openssl.org/source/openssl-1.0.2f.tar.gz
$ tar -zxf openssl-1.0.2f.tar.gz
$ cd openssl-1.0.2f
$ ./configure darwin64-x86_64-cc --prefix=/usr
$ make
$ sudo make install

安装Nginx

# 下载 & 解压 
$ wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.11.7.tar.gz
$ tar zxf nginx-1.11.7.tar.gz
$ cd nginx-1.11.7


$ ./configure
--sbin-path=/usr/local/nginx/nginx
--conf-path=/usr/local/nginx/nginx.conf
--pid-path=/usr/local/nginx/nginx.pid
--with-pcre=../pcre-8.39
--with-zlib=../zlib-1.2.8
--with-http_ssl_module
--with-stream
--with-mail=dynamic
--add-module=/usr/build/nginx-rtmp-module
--add-dynamic-module=/usr/build/3party_module

$ make

$ sudo make install

Nginx命令

# 启动
$ /path/to/nginx/sbin/nginx</pre>
<pre># stop
$ /path/to/nginx/sbin/nginx -s stop</pre>
<pre># 优雅的stop
$ /path/to/nginx/sbin/nginx -s quit</pre>

# reload $ /path/to/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload # help $ /path/to/nginx/sbin/nginx -h

完整的Nginx配置

nginx.conf
user       www www;  ## Default: nobody
worker_processes  5;  ## Default: 1
error_log  logs/error.log;
pid        logs/nginx.pid;
worker_rlimit_nofile 8192;

events {
  worker_connections  4096;  ## Default: 1024
}

http {
    include    conf/mime.types;
    include    /etc/nginx/proxy.conf;
    include    /etc/nginx/fastcgi.conf;
    index    index.html index.htm index.php;

    default_type application/octet-stream;

    log_format   main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local]  $status '
    '"$request" $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
    '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

    access_log   logs/access.log  main;
    sendfile     on;
    tcp_nopush   on;
    server_names_hash_bucket_size 128; # this seems to be required for some vhosts

    server { # php/fastcgi
        listen       80;
        server_name  domain1.com www.domain1.com;
        access_log   logs/domain1.access.log  main;
        root         html;

        location ~ \.php$ {
            fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:1025;
        }
    }

    server { # simple reverse-proxy
        listen       80;
        server_name  domain2.com www.domain2.com;
        access_log   logs/domain2.access.log  main;

        # serve static files
        location ~ ^/(images|javascript|js|css|flash|media|static)/  {
            root    /var/www/virtual/big.server.com/htdocs;
            expires 30d;
        }

        # pass requests for dynamic content to rails/turbogears/zope, et al
        location / {
            proxy_pass      http://127.0.0.1:8080;
        }
    }

    upstream big_server_com {
        server 127.0.0.3:8000 weight=5;
        server 127.0.0.3:8001 weight=5;
        server 192.168.0.1:8000;
        server 192.168.0.1:8001;
    }

    server { # simple load balancing
        listen          80;
        server_name     big.server.com;
        access_log      logs/big.server.access.log main;

        location / {
            proxy_pass      http://big_server_com;
        }
    }
}
proxy_conf
proxy_redirect          off;
proxy_set_header        Host            $host;
proxy_set_header        X-Real-IP       $remote_addr;
proxy_set_header        X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
client_max_body_size    10m;
client_body_buffer_size 128k;
proxy_connect_timeout   90;
proxy_send_timeout      90;
proxy_read_timeout      90;
proxy_buffers           32 4k;
fastcgi_conf
fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME    $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_param  QUERY_STRING       $query_string;
fastcgi_param  REQUEST_METHOD     $request_method;
fastcgi_param  CONTENT_TYPE       $content_type;
fastcgi_param  CONTENT_LENGTH     $content_length;
fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_NAME        $fastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_param  REQUEST_URI        $request_uri;
fastcgi_param  DOCUMENT_URI       $document_uri;
fastcgi_param  DOCUMENT_ROOT      $document_root;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_PROTOCOL    $server_protocol;
fastcgi_param  GATEWAY_INTERFACE  CGI/1.1;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_SOFTWARE    nginx/$nginx_version;
fastcgi_param  REMOTE_ADDR        $remote_addr;
fastcgi_param  REMOTE_PORT        $remote_port;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_ADDR        $server_addr;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_PORT        $server_port;
fastcgi_param  SERVER_NAME        $server_name;

fastcgi_index  index.php;

fastcgi_param  REDIRECT_STATUS    200;
mime_types
types {
    text/html                             html htm shtml;
    text/css                              css;
    text/xml                              xml rss;
    image/gif                             gif;
    image/jpeg                            jpeg jpg;
    application/x-javascript              js;
    text/plain                            txt;
    text/x-component                      htc;
    text/mathml                           mml;
    image/png                             png;
    image/x-icon                          ico;
    image/x-jng                           jng;
    image/vnd.wap.wbmp                    wbmp;
    application/java-archive              jar war ear;
    application/mac-binhex40              hqx;
    application/pdf                       pdf;
    application/x-cocoa                   cco;
    application/x-java-archive-diff       jardiff;
    application/x-java-jnlp-file          jnlp;
    application/x-makeself                run;
    application/x-perl                    pl pm;
    application/x-pilot                   prc pdb;
    application/x-rar-compressed          rar;
    application/x-redhat-package-manager  rpm;
    application/x-sea                     sea;
    application/x-shockwave-flash         swf;
    application/x-stuffit                 sit;
    application/x-tcl                     tcl tk;
    application/x-x509-ca-cert            der pem crt;
    application/x-xpinstall               xpi;
    application/zip                       zip;
    application/octet-stream              deb;
    application/octet-stream              bin exe dll;
    application/octet-stream              dmg;
    application/octet-stream              eot;
    application/octet-stream              iso img;
    application/octet-stream              msi msp msm;
    audio/mpeg                            mp3;
    audio/x-realaudio                     ra;
    video/mpeg                            mpeg mpg;
    video/quicktime                       mov;
    video/x-flv                           flv;
    video/x-msvideo                       avi;
    video/x-ms-wmv                        wmv;
    video/x-ms-asf                        asx asf;
    video/x-mng                           mng;
}

参考

nginx安装
编译安装选项
nginx 新手教程

JackSun

JackSun

I'm a coder.

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